Nigeria at Crossroads


Ifeanyichukwu Nwannah, takes a critical look at the nation as a corporate entity and captures the challenges facing Nigeria’s oneness

It is quite glaring that the worst organizing intractable issue in our
national agenda today is the all important question of national unity.
Yet most front pages of our national dailies have been infiltrated
with inciting captions capable of disintegration if this person or
that did not win the forthcoming presidential election. Some hear
rendering captions from the mouth of these garrulous opportunists and
myopic politicians.

The unguided utterances of Asari Dokobo popularly known as President
Jonathan’s propagandist is now beating his war drum that if Jonathan
does not come back to Aso Rock in 2015, Nigeria will be ungovernable.
Though Asari Dokubo is not the first person to make such inciting
utterances in 2011, Adamu Ciroma stated that if Jonathan became the
president there will be chaos as Nigeria will be ungovernable.
The All Progressive Congress (APC) followed suit when it said that if
the 2015 general elections are rigged, it will not go to the court of
law but form a Parallel government. It is glaring that in a single
country where there are two parallel governments, there must be
anarchy and political unrest. All these made the security operatives
to write to the INEC that they are not fully prepared for the
elections on the 14th and 28th February as stipulated by the

Another factor militating against the former arrangement
is that up till now many Nigerians have not yet got their PVC. That
means if the INEC had insisted on conducting the polls on 14th and
28th February, many eligible Nigerians would be denied their civic
rights to choose their leaders. Then INEC was forced to declare and
approve the unpopular February polls shifts and extend the collection
of PVC to the 8th March and shifted the election to 28th March 2015.
Sad enough, these advocates of re-definition of Nigeria are known for
engaging in war of words and spitting of political venom against their
other counterparts in other parts of the country. Pathetically, such
unguided utterances plus their inordinate tenacious questing for
disintegration of Nigeria’s co-operate polity, has often truncated the
exerted effort of our national reconciliation towards rebuilding a new

Interestingly, it is worth mentioning here that while countries in
Europe and North America are integrating to form strong regional part
for economic and technological advancement but Africa particularly the
Sub-Sahara region, the scenario is often about component ethnic
nationalities within a nation state, are angrily instructing to form
their own separate sovereign polity. This explains why if Nigerians
allow these to continue it may invoke agonizing intractable wars,
genocide and bloody action that will engulfed Africa countries and
many other middle East countries.

The terrifying situation has coursed the exodus of Nigerians from the
north to the south and vice-visa to protect their lives. In Zamfara
for instance, more than half of the non-indigenes have gone back to
the south for the fear of the unknown. Some of them interviewed at the
park by this reporter said they don’t want what happened in Kaduna
Mayhem in 2000 to happen to them. They said because the people took it
lightly, saying that after all Sharia was only introduced in Zamfara
and not in Kaduna. Amides this gloomy and logjam, ethnic jingoist and
militias have continue tirelessly and hellishly to unleash brouhaha
and inresurections to prove their superiority and relevance and to
redress what they considered as lopsided federation.

These insurgence and unholy utterances is embodied in the activities
of regional groups. They are funded and mustered by the elites. One
truth that kept us standing in consternation is the fact that these
crusaders of disintegration and confederation have not really come to
near historical realities of the force that led to the birth of nation
state of Nigeria. Let us mince no word to assert here that the issue
of ethnic solidarity disintegration of the polity is an elite
political calculation aimed at truncating the democratic development
for the sake of their insatiable plundering of Nigeria’s wealth.
They hellishly concoct all sort of satanic caldron to destroy the
cement and plaster that nationality binding us together.

As a way of retrospect, some have explained the root cause of
Nigeria’s disunity and conflicts to British amalgamation of Northern
and Southern Nigeria of 1914. The constitution that bind this
amalgamation was despitefully said to be a piece meal constitution.
The subsequent Richard’s constitution and the Macpherson’s of 1951 was
said to have given birth to and consolidated regional politics in
Nigeria. While that may be true in some degree, it is worthwhile for
our misinformed crusaders of disintegration to dig further and deeper
to understand that the city state, village confederation chiefdoms and
kingdoms which the British conquered to establish the colony of
Nigeria are not sovereign entity which now can be resurrected.
It is a gross misconception to believe that there was once a Yoruba
polity, Igbo polity, Hausa Fulani polity, Urhobo polity, Ogoni polity,
Ijaw polity Itsekiri polity. Antecedence of history has nullified all
such fairy tales. There was never anything of such.

It is worth mentioning here that actual political struggle for
movement and organization in Nigeria and West Africa sub region
jointly waged the Independence of Nigeria. Front liners among them
were the Nigeria Youth Movement, the Nigeria Trade UNION Congress, the
Nigeria Student Union, the National Council of Nigeria and the
Cameroon’s and the West African student Union. All the different
tribes in the Nigerian areas jointly fought for Nigeria’s
independence. Then who will claim to be the owner of Nigeria. Or if
not me there will be no Nigeria.

No record has pointed out that the Hausa Fulani, Igbo, Yoruba, Idoma,
Itsekiri, Angas, Urhobo or Ijaw single handedly fought for Nigeria’s
Independence. It was a collaborative pursuit. Prior to our
independence in 1960, the British government reached the territories
of the pre-colonial tribes conquered them and hoisted their impartial
flag to declare their lordly Suzerainty over all the Nigerian areas;
all the individual tribes then were facing the common problem of
British imperial domination. It was only after a successful battle for
freedom that independence was handed over to all Nigerians and not to
any republic of Hausa-Fulani land, Igbos, Yoruba’s etc. What came into
being was the territory of the Federation Republic of Nigeria.

In addition to all these, historical antecedence have clearly shown
and inter connected cultures and linkages that can be clearly
explained and hydrological point of view. The point we are throwing
weight at is that the federal character principles may be lopsided,
the derivation to perhaps the Nigeria’s Federal structure appears in
balance, Or even there could be matters arising in the system of
revenue allocation. All these and perhaps many more could result to a
state of uneasiness but they did not in any way nullify the historical
realities of the forces that brought about the nation state of

The cold war and war of words that is currently ragging on among
greedy politicians plus the insurrection of ethnic militias is a
product of misconception entity. For those who have taken it upon
themselves to shoulder the burden of campaigning for peace, unity,
justice and one Nigeria, we doff our cap for them. Peace loving
Nigerians encourage them to tirelessly carry on with that good fight .
Nigeria came very close to disintegration in 2000 when former Governor
Ahmed Sani Yarima implemented his political shariah that destroyed
thousands of lives in Kaduna, Lagos, Unmahia etc. The southern
Governors then met in Benin, Edo State capital agitating for resource

They wanted the federal government to invoke the independent and
Republican (1960, 1963) constitutions that approved resources control.
First the oil producing states began to claim that they have not been
treated fairly. But former President Obasanjo used his wisdom and
maturity to address the issue when he increased their derivation to 13
percent from 3 percent and held series of meetings with them to pacify
them on one Nigerian

Now what seems to resurface is the politics of tribalism or do I call
it regional politics or politics that they want to come back in the
name of religion where some are doing politics for religious sake and
not for political sake or to choose credible leader of the country.


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